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Trees in Kanha Tiger Reserve

INTRODUCTION
kanha-flora-fauna Forest of Kanha national park is simply amazing. It is spread over Maikal-Satpura ranges with vast meadows, hilly terrains, valleys etc. It has more than 200 species of flowering plants. Here we can find checklist of more than 110 trees in which some of the commonly seen trees are Sal (Shorea Robusta), Flame of Forest (Butea monosperma), Harra (Terminalia chebula), Saja (Terminalia tomentosa), Ber (Zizyphus manuratiana), Bahera (Terminalia belerica), Mahua (Madhuca indica), Baboo forest, Ghost Tree or Kullu tree (Sterculia urens) trees. Here we can find varying topography supporting different type of vegetation at different locations like in highlands we can notice tropical moist dry deciduous type of forest in which Bamboo forest is very common on slopes. In plains we can find Moist Peninsular Sal forest. It most common trees of Kanha tiger reserve. Here we will also notice Southern Tropical Moist Mixed Deciduous Forest and Souther Tropical Dry Deciduous Mixed Forest.

Checklist of Trees
Here we have tried to arrange a list of trees in Kanha national park. It is a sample checklist that shows information about some of the commonly seen trees with their common name and scientific name.
TREES IN KANHA TIGER RESERVE
Sr. No. Scientific Name Common Name Family
1 Acasia arabica Babul Leguminosae
2 Acasia catechu Khair Leguminosae
3 Acasia leucophloea Reunja Leguminosae
4 Acasia lenticularis Bada Kahir Leguminosae
5 Adina cordofolia Haldu Rubiaceae
6 Aegle marmelos Bel or Stone Apple Rutaceae
7 Ailantus excelsa Maharukh Simarubaceae
8 Albizzia libbeck Kala Siris Leguminosae
9 Albizzia chinensis Karung Leguminosae
10 Albizzia odoratissima Chichwa Leguminosae
11 Albizzia procera Safed Leguminosae
12 Anona squamosa Sitaphal, Custard Apple Anonaceac
13 Anogeissus latifolia Dhaora Combretaceae
14 Azadiracta indica Neem Meliaceae
15 Anacardium occidentale Kaju Anacardiaceae
16 Bauhinia malabarica Amta Leguminosae
17 Bauhinia racemosa Asta Caesalpiniaceae
18 Bauhinia variegata Kachnar Leguminosae
19 Bauhinia retusa Sehra Leguminosae
20 Bauhinia purpurens Keolar Leguminosae
21 Boswellia serrata Salai Burseraceae
22 Bridelea retusa Kasai Euphorbiaceae
23 Buchnania lanzan Achar Anacardiaceae
24 Butea monosperma Palas or Tesu or Chula Leguminosae
25 Careya arborea Kumhi Myrtaceae
26 Casearia graveolens Gilehi Samydaceae
27 Casearia elliptica Tondri Samydaceae
28 Cassia fistula Amaltas Leguminosae
29 Chloroxylon swietenia Bhirra Caesalpiniaceae
30 Cleistanthus collinus Garari Euphorbiaceae
31 Cochlospermum religiosum Galgal Euphorbiaceae
32 Cordia dichotoma Lasora Bixaceae
33 Cordia Latifolia Bada Lasora Boraginaceae
34 Cordia maeleodli Dahipalas Boraginaceae
35 Dalbergia latifolla Shisham Leguminosae
36 Dalbergia paniculata Dhobin Leguminosae
37 Dalbergia sissoo Sissoo Leguminosae
38 Dellenia aurea Karmata Dilleniaceae
39 Dellenia aurea Gulmohar Leguminosae
40 Dillenia pentagyna Kalla Dilleniaceae
41 Diospyros melanoxylon Tendu Ebenaceae
42 Diospyros montana Bistendu Ebenaceae
43 Ehretia laevis Datranga Boraginaceae
44 Elaeodendron glaucum Jamrasi Dilleniaceae
45 Embilica officinalis Anola Euphorbiaceae
46 Eriolaena hookeriana Bothi Sterculiaceae
47 Eryhrina suberosa Panjra Leguminosae
48 Eucalyptus Nilgiri Myrtaceae
49 Euphoribia nivulia Thuar Euphorbiaceae
50 Euphoribia tiruculli Niwarang Euphorbiaceae
51 Ficus bengaiensis Bar Moraceae
52 Ficus semicardata Bhuidumar Moraceae
53 Ficus hispida Katgular Moraceae
54 Ficus lacor Pakar Moraceae
55 Ficus giomerata Gular Moraceae
56 Ficus religiosa Pipal Moraceae
57 Ficus tomentosa Sonpakar Moraceae
58 Flacourtia Indica Kakai Bixaceae
59 Gardenia latifolia Papra Rubiaceae
60 Gardenia turgida Phetra Rubiaceae
61 Gauruga pinnata Kekad Burseraceae
62 Gmelina arbrea Gamari Verbenaceae
63 Grewia disperma Chaturli Tiliaceae
64 Grewia tiliaefolia Dhaman Tiliaceae
65 Holopetalia integfolia Chirol Ulmaceae
66 Hymenodictyon excelsum Bhonrsal Rubiaceae
67 Ixora arborea Lokhandi Rubiaceae
68 Kydia calycina Pula Malvaceae
69 Lagerstroemia parviflora Landia Lythraceae
70 Lannea cormandarica Moyan Anacardiaceae
71 Liteea sebifera Maida Lakri Lauraceae
72 Madhuca indica Mahua Tree Sapotaceae
73 Mallotus philippinensis Roli Euphorbiaceae
74 Mangifera indica Aam Anacardiaceae
75 Miliusa tomentosa Kari Anonaceac
76 Mitragyna parvifolia Mundi Rubiaceae
77 Moringa tinctorea Aal Rubiaceae
78 Ougeinia oojeinensis Tinsa Leguminosae
79 Pongamia pinnata veni Karanj Leguminosae
80 Pterocarpus marsupium Bija Leguminosae
81 Psidium guava Amrud or Bihi Myrtaceae
82 Randia dumetorum Mainphal Rubiaceae
83 Randia uligirosa Kalaphetra Rubiaceae
84 Salmalia malabarica Semal Malvaceae
85 Schleichera oleosa Kusum Sapindaceae
86 Shorea Robusta Sal Tree Dipterocarpaceae
87 Schrebra switenioides Mokha Oleaceae
88 Semecarpus anacardium Bhilwa Ancardiaceae
89 Soymida febrifuga Rohan Meliaceae
90 Santlum album Chandan Santalaceae
91 Spendias pinnata Amra Anacardiaceae
92 Sterculia Urens Kullu Sterculiaceae
93 Sterculia villosa Udal Anacardiaceae
94 Stereospermum personatum Padri Bignoniaceae
95 Stereospermum suaveolens Padar Bignoniaceae
96 Stereospermum xylocarpum Kateri Bignoniaceae
97 Strychnos petaterum Nirmali Leguminosae
98 Syzygium cumini Jamun Myrtaceae
99 Syzygium Kim Jamun Myrtaceae
100 Tactona grandis Teak or Saagon Verbenaceae
101 Tamarindus indica Imali Leguminosae
102 Terminalia arjuna Kahuwa Combretaceae
103 Terminalia belerica Bahera Combretaceae
104 Terminalia chebula Harad or Harra Combretaceae
105 Terminalia tomentosa Saja Combretaceae
106 Wendlandia exserta Tilai Rubiaceae
107 Wrightia tinetoria Dudhi Apocynaceae
108 Wrightia tomentosa Kali Dudhi Apocynaceae
109 Xylia xylocarpa Suria Mimosaceae
110 Zizyphus manuratiana Ber Rhamnaceae
111 Zizyphus xylopyra Ghont Rhamnaceae


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