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Sal Trees in Kanha


Sal Trees in Kanha National Park Kanha National Park is the only woodland in the country that brings so much of vividness in nature and is amazingly a home to over 200 species of flowering plants. It is a low land forest that brings a mixture of Sal (Shorea robusta) and other mixed forest trees, mingled with meadows. This National Park owes thick vegetation in kinds of Sal trees and Bamboo forests and grasslands. The moderate and favorable climate and varied topography supports the growth of a rich and varied flora in the Park. Kanha trees have more than 70 species of trees. This large, evergreen, gregarious tree is found in North India, up to an elevation of 914 meters. The timber is largely used for railway sleepers. The tree gives an aromatic resin which is burnt as incense, also to caulk boat and ships. The fruit yields oil which is used for burning and is sometime used to adulterate ghee in north India.

Sal Trees in Kanha

Sal or Sakhu, with the scientific name Shorea Rubusta is the most abundant timber tree of Kanha forest. During our visit, we can find large number of Sal Trees in Kanha jungle safari. It is believed that more than 60% of forest areas is covered with this tree and has vital affect on Kanha national park climatic condition. It is considered as evergreen tree which makes Kanha forest seems greed, even during peak summer period. Falling of leaves and emergence of new leaves goes simultaneously in this tree which maintains its greenery. Sal is a moderate slow growing tree and found in abundance in forest of Kanha National Park. Sal plays an important role in Khanha flora. The Sal tree is found in abundance in Madhya Pradesh. There is a pair of Sal trees in Kanha National Park, known as 'raja' and 'rani', measuring over 25 m. Its wood is termite resistant and useful in making of furniture's, railway sleepers etc. Its stem exudes a gum (viscous paste) used in marine yards for caulking boats, shoe polish etc. Its leafless period is short, virtually an evergreen tree. Butter extracted from its seed is used in making chocolates. Kanha Sal Forest is the highlight of Kanha trees. The low land forests of Kanha National Park have a blend of Sal, other forest trees along with meadows. In the lower slopes, pure stands of Sal replace the mixed woodlands. The valleys are covered with dense stands of Sal alternating with grassy meadows.

Sal tree is a large evergreen tree belonging to the family dipterocarpaceae. These forests of Sal or Sakhu of Madhya Pradesh are ecologically very important as they mark the termination of the great Sal zone of the Central Indian Peninsula. Sal forests are located in the eastern part of the state. Other part of the forest is Teak and mixed miscellaneous forests. There are also areas where teak and Sal both species occur naturally mixed together forming unique ecosystem. The Sal forests are confined to the eastern part of the state in the districts Rewa, Sidhi, Umaria, Anuppur and southwards in districts Balaghat, Mandla, Dindori, and Jabalpur and occupy all ranges of Maikal and the highlands of Balaghat. Sal forests are also distributed in and around Pachmarhi in Hoshangabad and Chhindwara districts.

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