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Birds of Central India

central-india-birdsShikra (Accipiter badius) : Shikra is a small raptor bird with 26-32 cm long. It is bird of prey in the family Accipitridae. It is a lightly built hawk, ashy blue-grey above, white below cross-barred with rusty brown. They are spread over all over India upto 1300mtr. In himalaya. Its food includes lizards, mice, squirrel, birds etc. They usually flies close to ground. They lays about 3 to 4 eggs at a time.

White-eyed buzzard (Butastur teesa) : Its local name is Tisa in Hindi. It is a small grayish brown hawk with white throat, two dark cheek stripes, brown and white underparts, and orange-yellow cere. Its is easily identifiable by its white iris to the eye. Their usual habitat is in dry open forest or farms. Their favorite food is grasshoppers, locusts, crickets and other large insects. Breeding season is from February to May and lays 3 eggs at a time of greenish white colour. Here female alone incubates.

Pied Harrier (Circus melanoleucos) : Its local hindi name is Pahatai. It is a asian species of carnivores bird with length 45-47cm and wing span is 112-116cm. This harrier is a slim and elegant long-winged raptor of contrasting black & white plumage. Its breeding season is from April to July.  Pied Harrier lays 4- 6 eggs at a time.

White-backed Vulutre (Gyps bengalensis) : Its Indian name is Gidh. It is a heavy, dirty blackish brown vulture with scrawny, naked head and neck. Its size is 94 cm long and 217cm wingspan. Its breeding season is from October to March and lays single egg at a time. They can be seen in countryside sites. But slowly, they are disappearing from scene. In Kanha Forest we can find them.

Red Junglefowl (gallus gallus) : Its Indian name is Junglee Murga. Its size is equivalent to domestic hen. Its food is insects, grains, shoots, berries, termites etc. Their breeding season is from March to May and lay 5-6 eggs at a time. They can easily be seen in Central India forests. They lives in shallow scrape in dense undergrowth, lined with dry leaves.

common peafowlCommon Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) : Its Indian name is Mor/Manjur. Its size is equivalent to size of vulture. Young Peafowl can be from 1 – 1.5mtr. long. Its food is insects, lizards, grains, small snakes etc. Breeding season is from January to October. Feathers of mail, when spreads, seem very beautiful. It is a national bird of India and can be easily seen in Kanha National Park forest.

Bronzewinged Jacana (Metopidius indicus) : It is a jacana. They are easily identifiable by their huge claws & feet and can be seen in marshy areas. India is their favorite breeding area. Average length of Jacana is 28cms long. Here females are larger than male. Their dominating colour is black dark brown inner wings. They feeds on insects and other invertebrates.

Redwattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) : Its Indian name is titeer. It is about 35 cm long bird with light brown with purple sheen, reddish beak, yellow legs, black head & neck with lining of white colour. They usually feed at night and are active in moon light. It is noisy by nature. Their breeding season is from March to August and lays 3-4 eggs at a time. Here both male & female incubate eggs.

Common green Pigeon (Treron phoenicoptera) : Also known as Yellow-legged Green Pigeon. Its Indian name is Harial. Its size is equivalent of Pigeon. Its appearance is stocky yellow, olive-green and ashy grey pigeon with patch on shoulders, whitish wings and conspicuous yellow. Both sexes are alike. They feed fruits and berries. Breeding season is from March to June and lays 2 eggs at a time. Rose ringed Parakeet (Psittacula krameri) : Its Indian name is Lybar Tota. It is slightly larger than Myna. In appearance it is smaller edition of the Alexandrine Parakeet, but lacking the maroon shoulder-patches. Female lacks black and rose-pink collar of male. They are commonly seen in lightly wooden area, farms etc. Their noisy flocks often indicates their presence in the area. Their nesting season is from February to April. They make their nests in hollow tree trunks and lays 4-6 eggs at a time.

Common Hawk-Cuckoo or Brainfever Bird (Cuculus varius) : Due to its call, it is popularly known as Brainfever bird. It seems quite similar to Shikra bird. Hawk-cuckoo is a medium to large size cuckoo approx. 34 cm. They are nest-parasitic and lay their eggs in Babbler nest. Their breeding season is March to June and lays single egg at a time.

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